Fort Nelson receives $1.6 million for infrastructure

first_imgOver 1.6 million dollars in federal and provincial funding will go towards the Northern Rockies Regional Municipality to help build local infrastructure and trails. Senator Richard Neufeld says the federal and provincial funding will help Fort Nelson build important infrastructure projects that both encourage physical activity and enhance water system operations.The municipality will receive $400,000 in ‘Towns for Tomorrow’ funding. ‘Towns for Tomorrow’ is a program set up to help smaller communities with infrastructure spending.- Advertisement -The funding will invest in upgrades to its Raw Water Supply Energy Efficiency Project. It will improve energy efficiency and reliability of the existing system. It will also receive around just over $602,000 in LocalMotion funding for the first phase of the Fort Nelson Community Trail Master Plan Project, and just over $617,000 for the first installment of the Small Community and Regional District Grant. Mayor Bill Streeper is pleased with the results. He says he is confident that it will be money well-spent as it helps create more jobs, more efficiency and more opportunities for workers and their families.The Towns for Tomorrow and LocalMotion projects are part of an overall $14-billion capital infrastructure program supported by the Province that will create up to 88,000 jobs and help build public infrastructure in every region of B.C.Advertisementlast_img read more

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Ethane Cloud at Titan: Too Little, Too Late?

first_imgThose following the Titan exploration by Cassini-Huygens have wondered where the ethane went.  Oceans of ethane hundreds of meters deep, if not kilometers deep, were predicted but not found, as reported previously (see 04/25/2003 and 10/16/2003 pre-Huygens reports, 01/15/2005 and 01/21/2005 Huygens early results, and 12/05/2005 review; see also New Scientist analysis of the “total revolution” in thinking about Titan going on because of the lack of oceans).  Now, finally, Cassini found something at least: a cloud of ethane at the north pole (see Cassini press release)  Is it enough to blanket the embarrassment of finding Titan to be a dry, young surface with only trace amounts of ethane?    The findings made by Cassini’s Virtual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) were published in Science this week,1 and described in a Perspectives article by Cassini atmospheric scientist Mike Flasar in the same issue of Science.2  Indeed, a “vast tropospheric cloud” of ethane was observed over the north pole in a series of observations between Dec. 2004 and Sept. 2006 (this cloud contrasts with the south-polar cloud believed composed of methane).3  The abstract leads one to believe this solves the problem of the missing ethane:The derived characteristics indicate that this cloud is composed of ethane and forms as a result of stratospheric subsidence and the particularly cool conditions near the moon’s north pole.  Preferential condensation of ethane, perhaps as ice, at Titan’s poles during the winters may partially explain the lack of liquid ethane oceans on Titan’s surface at middle and lower latitudes.That word “partially” is key, though, as shown in subsequent discussions in the paper.  First, they restate the problem in stark terms, to show the seriousness of the prediction that failed:Methane (the second most abundant atmospheric constituent after nitrogen) is dissociated irreversibly by solar ultraviolet light, producing primarily ethane and, at one-sixth and one-10th of the ethane production rate, respectively, acetylene and haze, as well as other less abundant organic molecules.  These photochemical by-products precipitate to Titan’s surface.  Titan’s atmospheric composition and photochemical models indicate that ethane accumulates as a liquid (at the equatorial surface temperature of 93.5 K) at a rate of ~300 m (if global) over Titan’s lifetime of 4.5 billion years, whereas solid sediments, including acetylene and haze particles, accumulate at roughly one-third of this rate.  Thus, unless methane is a recent addition to Titan’s atmosphere or ethane incorporates itself into surface solids, it has been reasoned that a considerable fraction of the surface should be covered with liquid ethane.  Titan’s surface reveals dunes of solid sediments, probably including haze particles and acetylene ice.  In addition, the surface is riddled with alluvial features, suggesting the occurrence of methane rain in the past.  Craters are rare, indicating geological relaxation as well as their burial by photochemical sediments.  Yet Titan appears depleted of its most abundant photochemical by-product.  Except for the ethane-damp surface measured by Huygens, no condensed form of ethane has been detected, despite its rapid production in Titan’s stratosphere and the expectation of finding ethane-rich oceans before the Cassini encounter.The same is admitted by University of Arizona’s Lunar and Planetary Lab in a press release (see EurekAlert): “Ethane is by far the most plentiful byproduct when methane breaks down,” it states.  “If methane has been a constituent of the atmosphere throughout Titan’s 4.5-billion-year lifetime — and there was no reason to suspect it had not — the large moon would be awash with seas of ethane, scientists theorized.”  That’s why most artist conceptions were amply illustrated with liquid before Cassini found a dry desert (05/04/2006) with a few possible lakes at high latitudes (07/24/2006).    The science team tried to get a fix on the composition of the cloud and the mass of ethane within it from the four oblique views obtained by VIMS.  Best guess by inferring spectral properties, particle sizes and altitude is that the cloud is indeed ethane, that condenses at 30-50 km above the pole and precipitates down, falling at 3 km per month.  “If conditions remain cool enough throughout the year,” they infer, “Titan may accumulate ethane ice each winter at the poles and develop year-round polar caps.”  Direct evidence of an ethane ice cap will have to await future flybys by Cassini (perhaps the high-latitude pass on October 9).  What about the south pole, though, which has been imaged?  No simple answers, unfortunately, and we’ll have to wait to find out, but what we know is not that convincing yet:Presently, there is no direct evidence of polar caps composed of ethane.  The northern pole has not been imaged.  Cassini images of the southern pole do not indicate the morphology of 2 km of ethane ice, assuming current rates of ethane production over the past 4.5 billion years, accumulated within 35° of the poles.  Yet south polar images suggest flow features, possibly associated with a smaller quantity of ethane ice accumulated on the young surface.  The detection of surficial ethane ice is hindered by the correlation of ethane features and methane signatures, which obscure the visibility of Titan’s surface.  In addition, the polar surface is probably distinct and varied.  Similarly, other hydrocarbons would precipitate preferentially at the poles and pollute the ethane ice, and any lowland methane lakes would dissolve and melt ethane, because the mixture’s eutectic temperature is 72.5 K.  Such lakes might condense out of Titan’s humid lower troposphere during winter.  The surface distribution of liquid or solid ethane, whether corralled into the polar regions by circulation or transported by surface flows to lower latitudes, will be determined with radar and near-infrared images of the geomorphology, radio determinations of the polar temperatures, and infrared measurements of the polar composition, which are scheduled for future Cassini encounters with Titan.What does Dr. Flasar think of all this?  His commentary focuses primarily on the atmospheric circulation on Titan.  At the end, his reference to this problem is delicately understated:Until now, clouds of the most abundant product of methane dissociation, ethane, have eluded detection.  The Griffith et al.  identification of polar ethane clouds is reassuring, in that it validates the basic ideas we have about Titan’s meteorology and chemistry: first, that condensation does occur, as expected, in the lower stratosphere, and second, that the inferred altitudes of the ethane cloud (30 to 50 km) are consistent with subsidence in the winter polar region.  This and other clues that we will obtain will help us to sort out the things we still puzzle over.The biggest puzzle on his mind is, undoubtedly, where is all the ethane?  It’s not enough to answer that it just stacks up at the poles.  The U of A press release spoke with lead author Caitlin Griffith, and reported, “If ethane was produced at today’s rate over Titan’s entire lifetime, a total of two kilometers of ethane would have precipitated over the poles.  But that seems unlikely, Griffith said.”  Why?  The south pole, which should roughly match the north pole, shows no such ethane ice cap.1Griffith et al., “Evidence for a Polar Ethane Cloud on Titan,” Science, 15 September 2006: Vol.  313. no. 5793, pp. 1620-1622, DOI: 10.1126/science.1128245.2F. M. Flasar, “Planetary Science: Titan’s Polar Weather,” Science, 15 September 2006: Vol. 313. no. 5793, pp. 1582-1583, DOI: 10.1126/science.1130698.3Methane, CH4 is exposed to the solar wind in the upper atmosphere of Titan, a continuous process that strips off hydrogen atoms.  The ionized methyl groups CH3– rapidly recombine into ethane C2H6, which has nowhere to go but down.  At surface temperatures on Titan, it should condense as a liquid, or as ethane snow at higher latitudes where it is colder.  Extrapolating the current ethane production rate for the assumed age of the solar system (4.5 billion years) should have yielded deep oceans of ethane at least 300 meters deep, but probably much deeper if methane were more abundant in the past, as is commonly believed.The problem vanishes when you liberate your mind from the requirement of billions of years.  This is really uncanny.  Everything about Titan screams young, but nowhere do you find anyone questioning the linchpin assumption that Titan is 4.5 billion years old.  It’s almost like they want to downplay this “puzzle” and sweep it under the rug.  Don’t let them.  Most creationists could live with a young or old Titan, though some would prefer the former.  The only people who would be completely scandalized by a young Titan are the evolutionists who absolutely depend on billions of years in which to hide their skeletons.    The ethane cloud is too little, too late.  After all, vast quantities of ethane must be there.  Dr. Flasar admitted it: he was reassured that the ethane “condensation does occur” and that the basic ideas about Titan’s chemistry have been validated.  It follows logically that this process, going on interrupted for billions of years, would leave the evidence in abundance.  OK, so where is it?  They can’t hide the answer in the future much longer.  Imagine the entire globe covered with an ethane ocean half a mile deep or more.  What happened to it?  Did the interior suck it up like a sponge?  Did aliens take it?  Did creationists steal in a vast conspiracy to support their young-earth views?  Come on; let the facts speak to the unbiased mind.(Visited 31 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Ghana flies the flag for Africa

first_img25 June 2010An interesting phenomenon at play in the 2010 Fifa World Cup – something that visitors from outside the continent will have noticed – is that Africans support not only their home teams, but all African teams. All that support will be now be behind Ghana, as the only African team to progress beyond the group stage of the tournament.There is still an outside chance that Cote D’Ivoire could join them in the last 16 – but no one is holding their breath. Didier Drogba’s men, who face North Korea in their final Group G match on Friday, need a couple of scenarios to stay in the World Cup. They need Brazil to beat Portugal, and also need to make up a goal difference of minus-9 to the Portuguese. That’s a big ask.Fifa president Sepp Blatter and Danny Jordaan, CEO of the Local Organising Committee, have often referred to the 2010 finals as “Africa’s World Cup”, and their words are borne out by the support of Africans for one another.Ghana now carry the hopes of a continent.Fine pedigreeDespite a fine pedigree, Ghana had surprisingly not played in a Fifa World Cup prior to Germany 2006. Their record in Africa until that point had been excellent: they won the African Nations Cup in 1963, 1965, 1978 and 1982, and finished runners0up in 1968, 1970 and 1992.This year, too, they finished runners-up in Africa’s most prestigious competition. Yet World Cup success eluded the Black Stars.Back in 2006, in their first finals, they made a decent impact, finishing second in Group E to eventual champions Italy, which qualified them for the round of 16. There, however, the experience of Brazil, under coach Carlos Alberto Parreira, proved too much, and they went down 3-0.South Africa 2010This time around in South Africa, Ghana, playing in Group D, opened their challenge with a deserved, shock 1-0 defeat of highly-regarded Serbia. In their next outing, Australia were reduced to 10 men, but produced a gritty performance to hold the Black Stars to a 1-1 draw.In their final game, Ghana lost 1-0 to Germany. It was an end-to-end contest that could have gone either way, but was settled by a super strike by German midfielder Mesut Özil.Despite the defeat, the Ghanains had done enough to advance to the next round as second-place finishers in the group behind the Germans.What is interesting about Ghana and Germany is the strength coming through from their youth ranks. Germany won the European under-21 Championships in 2009, while Ghana won the Fifa under-20 World Cup last year. Both teams have players from those title-winning teams in action in South Africa.Cameroon’s 1990 runNow, with the round of 16 only days away, the hopes of Africa rest on the Black Stars as the host continent waits for a team to match Cameroon’s run to the World Cup quarterfinals in 1990, where the Indomitable Lions very nearly toppled England, losing 3-2 after extra time.Before the start of South Africa 2010, hopes had been high that African teams would make a big impact on the tournament on home soil, but those hopes have one by one been dashed in the group stages – which, interestingly, have been dominated by South American teams. Many European teams, like Africa’s representatives, have struggled to make an impact.South Africa’s exitDespite a giant showing in Group A, hosts South Africa failed to progress after one bad game against Uruguay, which Bafana Bafana lost 3-0.In the home side’s other matches, they drew 1-1 with Mexico and beat France 2-1. Ultimately, Bafana lost out to Mexico on a place in the next round on goal difference.In Group B, Nigeria gave Argentina – one of the form teams in the group stages of the event – a good game before going down 1-0. They were reduced to 10 men after 33 minutes against Greece and went on to lose 2-1, while they played to a 2-2 draw with South Korea in their final outing. With two losses, they finished bottom of their group.Tightest groupAlgeria, in Group C, lost 1-0 to Slovenia, held England to a goalless draw, and fell 1-0 to the United States. Competition in the group was the tightest of any in the World Cup finals.Cameroon suffered a surprisingly poor tournament, finishing bottom of Group E after losses in all three of their matches: they were beaten 1-0 by Japan, 2-1 by Denmark, and 2-1 by the Netherlands – not a train smash by any stretch of the imagination, but three losses nonetheless.Behind the Black StarsSo, barring a miracle in Cote D’Ivoire’s match on Friday, Africa’s support is firmly behind the Black Stars of Ghana. A top showing by an African team in the continent’s first hosting of the World Cup would be widely welcomed.And, to steal a World Cup phrase: “Ke Nako”, it is time (for Africa to shine).Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

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Wards of the State Rescued from Burning Building – Hero to Receive Award

first_imgKingston resident, Kimani Ramon Anderson, who singlehandedly and heroically rescued three young girls, all wards of the State, from a burning building at the Walker’s Place of Safety in January, will receive the Badge of Honour for Gallantry from the Government.He is one of nine persons shortlisted for the award, and is among more than 200 persons being recognised for outstanding service to Jamaica during this year’s Honours and Awards Ceremony at King’s House on National Heroes Day, Monday, October 15.Mr. Anderson tells JIS News that he is honoured by the recognition being accorded him for braving the raging flames to extract the three girls who were trapped in their dormitory on the night of January 16. The 32-year-old security officer recounts bolting from his house to the Home after being awakened by screams and the sound of breaking glass emanating from the facility, which is situated beside his residence on Lyndhurst Crescent in Kingston.Mr. Anderson says he instinctively kicked in the door to the dormitory, sections of which were already on fire and filled with smoke, and extracted the girls.He tells JIS News that after doing so, he discovered that a fourth ward, who was physically challenged, was still in the dorm after seeing her by the room’s window screaming and crying. Mr. Anderson, who remarkably sustained no injuries, says he was unaware of the fourth occupant as the smoke obscured his view of the entire room. This, he adds, was compounded by the panicky state of the other girls and the urgent need to exit the building, occasioned by the rapidly raging inferno.He recounts being restrained by neighbours who converged on the premises, in his attempts to find a way back inside to retrieve the trapped girl.  Mr. Anderson points out, however, that the heightened intensity of the fire, which by then had almost engulfed the entire building, put paid to this effort, resulting in the young girl’s untimely death. She was one of the two youngsters who perished in the fire.Mr. Anderson says the image has remained vividly etched in his mind and weighs heavily on his heart because “if I had known she was in the room, I would go to her first and get her out, seeing that she was physically challenged”. “So, while I am thankful for and humbled by the award that I am getting… it will be a bitter-sweet moment for me. What I did was done out of the love I have for the youth,” he says.Mr. Anderson, who continues to bask in the adoration  and commendations from family, including his mother, Eileen Maxie; colleagues; friends and residents of his neighbourhood, encourages persons to show kindness to each other by extending a helping hand to persons in need.“If you see a person who really needs help, don’t turn a blind eye. Try and see if you can assist in any way… no matter how small, because sometimes, a little assistance is all they need to get back on their feet,” he tells JIS News. “Though we have diverse backgrounds, we are all one family… and we must remember that when members of our own biological families need assistance, we seek to help them. So, why not try and do the same for others,” Mr. Anderson adds.Mr. Anderson, who is the proud father of a five-year-old son named Javoni, says he will share this memorable moment with him when he is older and better able to understand its significance.last_img read more

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UNESCO fellowship applications extended till July end

first_imgThe deadline for applications for the Sahapedia-UNESCO Fellowship programme, a pioneering project to advance research into Indian art, culture, tradition, and heritage, and its systematic documentation has been extended to July 30.Sahapedia, the open encyclopaedic resource on Indian arts which has instituted the fellowship with the support of UNESCO, said the last date for applications had been extended from July 15 to July 30 in view of repeated requests from a large number of potential applicants for more time to submit their proposals. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe fellowships, available to post-doctoral scholars, doctoral candidates, post-graduates, and graduates (including those students due to graduate in the summer of 2017), are expected to generate critically researched, engaging content in multimedia formats that will be hosted on the Sahapedia website for wider public access.Applicants selected as Sahapedia Project Fellows will be granted an award of Rs 40,000, and Sahapedia Research Fellows will be offered an award of Rs 15,000. The SPF project is expected to be completed in 12 weeks, and the SRF assignment in 8 weeks.”Since this is the first edition of the programme, we have extended the deadline to ensure that we don’t lose out on projects with potential,” said Vaibhav Chauhan, Director at Sahapedia.last_img read more

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NDITA looks to tune up traffic management

first_imgKolkata: A brainstorming session to improve traffic management in Sector V, Bengal’s IT hub, was held in the office of Nabadiganta Industrial Township Authority (NDITA) on Friday.Sector V has come up as a major IT hub and thousands of people come here for work every day. NDITA has already taken several steps to improve its traffic system. The meeting was chaired by Debashis Sen, NDITA chairman and representatives of SIAM (Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers). Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataSIAM has decided to observe 2019-20 as the National Road Safety Year. This was resolved in their December 2018 annual CSR Conclave. They intend to roll out in seven cities of the country in the first instance, namely Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai and Kolkata. Their idea is to create a cross-sectoral task force along with urban planners, police, transportation managers, NGOs, driving schools, automobile manufacturers, schools and SIAM. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateNKDA and NDITA would identify one stretch each that would be developed as model stretches. They gave an example of how in Gurgaon, just pruning a few trees that hid traffic signages from motorists’, has reduced road accidents by 20 percent. In another example, a wide traffic junction was made narrower, which has prevented lane crossings in haphazard manner at vulnerable sections and thus improved traffic safety by 15 percent. A pilot project is the ideal start where one or two stretches will be identified by NKDA and NDITA. There should be an area that can be fully controlled, monitored, measured and audited. SIAM will soon submit a formal proposal based on the discussion that was held on Friday. The areas that will be given importance include urban planning, infrastructure planning, maintenance and upgradation of both transport and pedestrians.last_img read more

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Winklevoss Twins Move to Launch a Bitcoin Fund

first_imgJuly 2, 2013 Register Now » The Winklevoss twins, known for battling Mark Zuckerberg in court over who owned the idea behind Facebook, are leading the charge in bringing digital currency bitcoin to the mainstream.Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss filed a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission to establish the Winklevoss Bitcoin Trust, which will work like an exchange-traded fund. If approved by regulators, the fund would allow the brothers, key players in the popular 2010 movie The Social Network, to be able to sell their bitcoin holdings for an initial value of $20 million.The Winklevoss twins, who themselves have amassed a large collection of bitcoin, would sell shares in their trust, each share representing one-fifth of a bitcoin, according to the SEC filing. The goal is to make bitcoin more accessible to a broader audience. “For many investors, the shares will represent a cost-effective and convenient means to access exposure to bitcoins,” the prospectus filing says.Related: Angel Investors Form Group to Fund Bitcoin StartupsBitcoin is an unregulated, digital currency, which was established in 2008. It has been getting more attention in the last year, due to its volatile price and a few high-profile early adopters. Companies including OkCupid, Reddit and WordPress are already accepting it as a form of payment. Bitcoins can be purchased online through bitcoin exchanges and private sellers.Because the price of bitcoin currency can fluctuate dramatically from day to day, the prospectus filed with the SEC details the high degree of risk associated with investing in the online currency.Related: Accepting Bitcoin Payments: The Risks and Benefits Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Globalcenter_img Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. 2 min readlast_img read more

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